Ann Maria Underwood‘s parents were George William Underwood and Maria Lane who got married in 1840 In Gloucestershire. Her parents spent most of the 1840’s living in a workhouse where they had four children, John James Underwood and Fanny Underwood, who both died in infancy, and William George Underwood and Ann Maria Underwood who survived. Ann Maria Underwood was born in Bridgwater Workhouse in 1844. Her mother died in a workhouse in 1850 so it would appear that the family were in a workhouse for the whole of that decade.
Her father secured work as a train driver soon afterwards, and in 1851 her father married his second wife, Matilda Curtis. At the time of the 1851 census Ann Maria Underwood is a 7 year old scholar living with her father and step-mother, together with her brother William George Underwood from her father’s first marriage.
Ann Maria Underwood is still with her father and step-mother at the time of the 1861 census, although she is named as Annie not Ann, and she is described as a 17 year old rope maker. Also listed on the 1861 census are Ann Maria Underwood‘s step brothers and sisters from her father’s second marriage.
UK Birth index 1844 Jan-March,
Bridgwater Union, volume 10, page 358
Underwood Ann Maria, Mother’s name: Lane
1851 UK Census: Parish of Barton St Mary, Gloucestershire
George Underwood, head, aged 32, Engine Driver, born Atworth.
Matilda Underwood, wife, aged 20, born Bath.
William George Underwood, son, aged 9, scholar, born Bridgwater, Somerset.
Ann Maria Underwood, daughter, aged 7, scholar, born Gloucester.
It looks as though the person who took the census got confused and got the places of birth wrong for the two children. It was William George Underwood who was born in Gloucester, and Ann Maria Underwood who was born in Bridgwater.
1861 UK Census, Parish of Dursley. Railway House:
George Underwood, Head, married, aged 42, Railway Engine Driver, born Atworth, Wiltshire.
Matilda Underwood, Wife, Married, aged 29, born Bath, Somerset.
Annie Maria Underwood, Daughter, unmarried, aged 17, Rope Maker, born Bridgwater, Somerset.
George Underwood, Son, aged 9, Scholar, born Gloucester, Gloucestershire.
John H Underwood, Son, aged 7, Scholar, born Gloucester, Gloucestershire.
Orlando Underwood, Son, aged 5, Scholar, born Bristol, Gloucestershire.
Octavius Underwood, Son, aged 2, scholar, born Dursley, Gloucestershire.
Rosa Matilda Underwood, Daughter, aged 1, born Dursley, Gloucestershire.