Family Tree Timeline

Timeline of important UK and Worldwide events that have affected members of our family or that family members have lived through.

1803   Start of Napoleonic Wars between the French Empire and various coalitions of other European Countries.
1805   Battle of Trafalgar between British navy and combined Spanish and French fleets.
1807   The Slave Trade Act officially abolished the slave trade within the British Empire (but slavery itself was not abolished until 1833).
1810  Marriage of John Underwood and Ann Watts
1814   Paris captured and Napoleon exiled to Elba.
1815   Napoleon escaped from Elba and returned to rule France, but was defeated at the battle of Waterloo.
1815   Corn Laws imposed import duty on imported food and grain. They were designed to support local producers by keeping prices high, but the end of the war with France coincided with periods of famin and unemployment.
1819  Birth of George William Underwood.
1819   Peterloo Massacre in Manchester. Cavalry charged 50,000 demonstrators who were camaigning for voting reform. The cavalry charge with drawn sabres killed 15 people and injured hundreds.
1820  Death of King George III.  Succeeded by his grandson King George IV.
1823  Birth of Maria Lane.
1825   The Stockton and Darlington Railway became the first public passenger railway.
1830  Death of King George IV.  Succeeded by King William IV, the third son of George III.
1831  Birth of Matilda Curtis.
1832   The Great Reform Act extended the franchise by giving the vote to middle class property owning men for the first time.
1833   The Slavery Abolition Act finally abolished slavery.
1837  Death of King William IV.  Succeeded by Queen Victoria, the only child of Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Edward Duke of Kent who was the fourth son of George III.
1838   The Chartistm movement began. Chartism was a working class movement that campaigned for political reform, held meetings attended by millions and submitted petitions that were signed by millions. Their ‘People’s Charter’ called for six reforms including a vote for every man aged twenty-one or above, a secret ballot, no property requirement for MP’s, payment of MP’s, equal size constituencies, and annual elections.
1840  Marriage of George William Underwood and Maria Lane.
1840  Penny Post universal postal service began.
1841  Birth of William George Underwood.

1842  Income Tax introduced for the first time.
1844  Birth of Ann Maria Underwood.
1845  Irish Potato Famine begins.
1846  Corn Laws Repealed.
1848  Communist Manifesto published and Chartism movement ended.
1849  Birth and death of John James Underwood.
1850  Birth and death of Fanny Underwood.
1850  Death of Maria Underwood (nee Lane)

1851  Marriage of George William Underwood and Matilda Curtis.
1852  Birth of George Thomas Underwood.
1853  Birth of John Henry Underwood.
1853  Birth of Agnes Meakin.
1854  Britain and France declare war on Russia and begin the Crimean War.
1856  Birth of Orlando Underwood.
1856  End of Crimean War when Russia was forced to sue for peace.
1857  Birth of Octavious Underwood.
1859  Charles Dawin’s ‘On the Origin of Species’ published.
1860  Birth of Rosa Matilda Underwood.
1861  Death of Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert.
1862  Birth of Sarah Charlotte Eugene Underwood.
1863  Birth of Florence Jane Underwood.
1863  First Underground train operating in London.
1865  Birth of Eliza Kate Underwood.
1867  Birth of Alice Curtis Underwood.
1867  The ‘Reform Act’ or ‘Representation of the People Act 1867’ doubled the number of men who could vote by allowing all male ‘heads of households’ to vote.
1868  Death of Florence Jane Underwood.
1869  Birth of Arthur Underwood.
1870  The Education Act of 1870 provided universal education between the ages of 5 to 13, but it was not compulsory for children to attend school and parents had to pay school fees.   School Boards could pay fees of poor children, and they had the power to create by-laws to make attendance compulsory.
1871  Birth of Laura Mary Underwood.
1872  Voting by secret ballot introduced at elections.
1873  Death of Matilda Underwood (nee Curtis)
1876  Queen Victoria declaired Empress of India.
1879  Birth of Florence Emily Underwood.
1877  Birth of Lavinia Minnie Hart.
1880  The Elementary Education Act of 1880 made primary education compulsory for both boys and girls from 5 to the age of 10, although there were some exceptions.
1881  Electric Lights installed in a home for the very first time when they were installed in a newly built mansion.
1883  Birth of Percival Harry Underwood.
1884  The Reform Act of 1884 extended the vote to all men who were paying an anual rent of at least £10, or who owned land valued of at least £10.
1884  Birth of Orlando Meaking Underwood.
1888  Karl Benz began to sell the first commercially available automobile.
1895  Marriage of Octavious Underwood and Agnes Meakin.
1881  Birth of Octavious George Underwood.
1889  Birth of Alice Eugenie Underwood.
1893  Marriage of Alice Curtis Underwood and Arthur Lusty.
1894  Death of Orlando Meaking Underwood.

1897  Birth of Cyril Oliver Underwood.
1897  Marconi awarded a patent for radio communication.
1899  Start of the Second Anglo-Boar War in South Africa.
1901   Death of Queen Victoria.  Succeeded by King Edward VII, the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
1902  End of the Second Anglo-Boar War with a Boar surrender.  Britain was internationally condemned for its use of concentration camps.
1904  Marriage of Percival Harry Underwood and Lavinia Minnie Hart.
1907  Birth of Doris Myfanwy Thomas.
1910  Birth of George Frederick Underwood.
1910  Death of King Edward VII.  Succeeded by King George V, the brother of Edward VII.
1913  Henry Ford began mass producing cars on the world’s first moving assembly line.  At that time only black paint would dry quick enough to be dry by the end of the assembly.
1914  Start of World War I.
1914  Death of Alice Eugenie Underwood.
1914  Birth of Richard Underwood.
1914  Birth of Mary E. Higton.
1915  Death of Octavious George Underwood, a soldier fighting in France.
1918  End of World War I.  The Representation of the People Act of 1918 allowed property owning women over 30 to vote for the first time.
1918  Birth of John Eric Beresford.
1921  Birth of Alice L Underwood.
1928  The parliament (Qualification of Women) Act of 1918 allowed women to be elected to Parliament. provided they could vote, and women over 21 were allowed to vote for the first time on the same terms as men.
1932  Marriage of George Frederick Underwood and Mary E. Higton.
1933 Birth of Cynthia Underwood.
1934 Death of Octavious Underwood.
1936  Death of King George V.  Succeeded by King Edward VIII, his eldest son.  He subsequently abdicated befor the coronation and was succeeded by George VI, his brother.
1939  British entry into World War II.
1940  Marriage of Alice L Underwood and John Eric Beresford.
1940  Marriage of Richard Underwood and Doris Myfanwy Thomas.
1941  Birth of Christopher David Underwood.
1945  End of World War II.
1947  Birth of Richard Anthony Underwood.
1948  National Health Service Created.
1952  Death of King George VI.  Accession of Queen Elizabeth II, his eldest daughter.
1953  Marriage of Cynthia Underwood and Sebastians Lociks.
1955  Birth of John Henry Underwood.
1963  Death of Harry Percival Underwood.
1966  Death of Alice L Underwood.
1965  Death of Richard Underwood.
1967  Death of Alice Curtis Underwood.
1989  Death of Doris Myfanwy Underwood (nee Thomas).
1996  Death of John Eric Beresford.