Timeline of important UK and Worldwide events that have affected members of our family or that family members have lived through.
1803 Start of Napoleonic Wars between the French Empire and various coalitions of other European Countries.
1805 Battle of Trafalgar between British navy and combined Spanish and French fleets.
1807 The Slave Trade Act officially abolished the slave trade within the British Empire (but slavery itself was not abolished until 1833).
1810 Marriage of John Underwood and Ann Watts
1814 Paris captured and Napoleon exiled to Elba.
1815 Napoleon escaped from Elba and returned to rule France, but was defeated at the battle of Waterloo.
1815 Corn Laws imposed import duty on imported food and grain. They were designed to support local producers by keeping prices high, but the end of the war with France coincided with periods of famin and unemployment.
1819 Birth of George William Underwood.
1819 Peterloo Massacre in Manchester. Cavalry charged 50,000 demonstrators who were camaigning for voting reform. The cavalry charge with drawn sabres killed 15 people and injured hundreds.
1820 Death of King George III. Succeeded by his grandson King George IV.
1823 Birth of Maria Lane.
1825 The Stockton and Darlington Railway became the first public passenger railway.
1830 Death of King George IV. Succeeded by King William IV, the third son of George III.
1831 Birth of Matilda Curtis.
1832 The Great Reform Act extended the franchise by giving the vote to middle class property owning men for the first time.
1833 The Slavery Abolition Act finally abolished slavery.
1837 Death of King William IV. Succeeded by Queen Victoria, the only child of Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Edward Duke of Kent who was the fourth son of George III.
1838 The Chartistm movement began. Chartism was a working class movement that campaigned for political reform, held meetings attended by millions and submitted petitions that were signed by millions. Their ‘People’s Charter’ called for six reforms including a vote for every man aged twenty-one or above, a secret ballot, no property requirement for MP’s, payment of MP’s, equal size constituencies, and annual elections.
1840 Marriage of George William Underwood and Maria Lane.
1840 Penny Post universal postal service began.
1841 Birth of William George Underwood.
1842 Income Tax introduced for the first time.
1844 Birth of Ann Maria Underwood.
1845 Irish Potato Famine begins.
1846 Corn Laws Repealed.
1848 Communist Manifesto published and Chartism movement ended.
1849 Birth and death of John James Underwood.
1850 Birth and death of Fanny Underwood.
1850 Death of Maria Underwood (nee Lane)
1851 Marriage of George William Underwood and Matilda Curtis.
1852 Birth of George Thomas Underwood.
1853 Birth of John Henry Underwood.
1853 Birth of Agnes Meakin.
1854 Britain and France declare war on Russia and begin the Crimean War.
1856 Birth of Orlando Underwood.
1856 End of Crimean War when Russia was forced to sue for peace.
1857 Birth of Octavious Underwood.
1859 Charles Dawin’s ‘On the Origin of Species’ published.
1860 Birth of Rosa Matilda Underwood.
1861 Death of Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert.
1862 Birth of Sarah Charlotte Eugene Underwood.
1863 Birth of Florence Jane Underwood.
1863 First Underground train operating in London.
1865 Birth of Eliza Kate Underwood.
1867 Birth of Alice Curtis Underwood.
1867 The ‘Reform Act’ or ‘Representation of the People Act 1867’ doubled the number of men who could vote by allowing all male ‘heads of households’ to vote.
1868 Death of Florence Jane Underwood.
1869 Birth of Arthur Underwood.
1870 The Education Act of 1870 provided universal education between the ages of 5 to 13, but it was not compulsory for children to attend school and parents had to pay school fees. School Boards could pay fees of poor children, and they had the power to create by-laws to make attendance compulsory.
1871 Birth of Laura Mary Underwood.
1872 Voting by secret ballot introduced at elections.
1873 Death of Matilda Underwood (nee Curtis)
1876 Queen Victoria declaired Empress of India.
1879 Birth of Florence Emily Underwood.
1877 Birth of Lavinia Minnie Hart.
1880 The Elementary Education Act of 1880 made primary education compulsory for both boys and girls from 5 to the age of 10, although there were some exceptions.
1881 Electric Lights installed in a home for the very first time when they were installed in a newly built mansion.
1883 Birth of Percival Harry Underwood.
1884 The Reform Act of 1884 extended the vote to all men who were paying an anual rent of at least £10, or who owned land valued of at least £10.
1884 Birth of Orlando Meaking Underwood.
1888 Karl Benz began to sell the first commercially available automobile.
1895 Marriage of Octavious Underwood and Agnes Meakin.
1881 Birth of Octavious George Underwood.
1889 Birth of Alice Eugenie Underwood.
1893 Marriage of Alice Curtis Underwood and Arthur Lusty.
1894 Death of Orlando Meaking Underwood.
1897 Birth of Cyril Oliver Underwood.
1897 Marconi awarded a patent for radio communication.
1899 Start of the Second Anglo-Boar War in South Africa.
1901 Death of Queen Victoria. Succeeded by King Edward VII, the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
1902 End of the Second Anglo-Boar War with a Boar surrender. Britain was internationally condemned for its use of concentration camps.
1904 Marriage of Percival Harry Underwood and Lavinia Minnie Hart.
1907 Birth of Doris Myfanwy Thomas.
1910 Birth of George Frederick Underwood.
1910 Death of King Edward VII. Succeeded by King George V, the brother of Edward VII.
1913 Henry Ford began mass producing cars on the world’s first moving assembly line. At that time only black paint would dry quick enough to be dry by the end of the assembly.
1914 Start of World War I.
1914 Death of Alice Eugenie Underwood.
1914 Birth of Richard Underwood.
1914 Birth of Mary E. Higton.
1915 Death of Octavious George Underwood, a soldier fighting in France.
1918 End of World War I. The Representation of the People Act of 1918 allowed property owning women over 30 to vote for the first time.
1918 Birth of John Eric Beresford.
1921 Birth of Alice L Underwood.
1928 The parliament (Qualification of Women) Act of 1918 allowed women to be elected to Parliament. provided they could vote, and women over 21 were allowed to vote for the first time on the same terms as men.
1932 Marriage of George Frederick Underwood and Mary E. Higton.
1933 Birth of Cynthia Underwood.
1934 Death of Octavious Underwood.
1936 Death of King George V. Succeeded by King Edward VIII, his eldest son. He subsequently abdicated befor the coronation and was succeeded by George VI, his brother.
1939 British entry into World War II.
1940 Marriage of Alice L Underwood and John Eric Beresford.
1940 Marriage of Richard Underwood and Doris Myfanwy Thomas.
1941 Birth of Christopher David Underwood.
1945 End of World War II.
1947 Birth of Richard Anthony Underwood.
1948 National Health Service Created.
1952 Death of King George VI. Accession of Queen Elizabeth II, his eldest daughter.
1953 Marriage of Cynthia Underwood and Sebastians Lociks.
1955 Birth of John Henry Underwood.
1963 Death of Harry Percival Underwood.
1966 Death of Alice L Underwood.
1965 Death of Richard Underwood.
1967 Death of Alice Curtis Underwood.
1989 Death of Doris Myfanwy Underwood (nee Thomas).
1996 Death of John Eric Beresford.